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How Are Fleas Controlled

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  • get rid of fleas, flea protection, pet treatment, flea treatment, Flea traps
  • Posted date:
  • 25-04-2022
How Are Fleas Controlled

Are you asking: how are fleas controlled? We look at how to get rid of fleas in your house, yard, and pets. Find out how to control fleas around your home.

How to Get Rid of Fleas in Your House, Yard, and Pets

Fleas are one of the most frustrating pests to cope with; they are jumpy, small and multiply rapidly. Many pets and humans pick up fleas from being around other host animals like other dogs, cats, squirrels, etc., outside in nature or tracking insects into the household via clothing or shoes. 

Excessive scratching and intense itching are common signs that your pet has contracted fleas due to the bites and digested blood; you may even begin to spot fleas on their pets or notice flea droppings - 2-4 millimetres long and therefore visible to the naked human eye. 

They lay eggs, bite people and digest the blood meal of both humans and animals. You may find that your pet has an allergic reaction to the itchy bites or feeding. In this case, you must contact a vet as soon as possible.

Suppose your family pet has caught fleas. Your house and backyard have the potential to become a breeding ground. The best way to deal with the situation is to quickly prevent further spread over long distances to potential hosts. 

You can contact pest control professionals to deal with the issue or provide advice; however, you can get rid of fleas yourself with a wide range of sprays, cleaning methods and pet-friendly topical medications.

Controlling Fleas Around Your Home

There are many ways that you can help control fleas in and around your home environment; the following tips include:

  • Vacuum every day, as this will allow you to remove as many adult fleas, larvae and eggs.  You want to focus your vacuuming tasks on these specific areas: cushioned or upholstered furniture, crevices and cracks in the floors, carpets, basements and along baseboards.
  • Strive to steam clean your carpets every once in a while; the soap and hot steam will kill adult fleas and those at any stage of their life cycle.
  • When treating your home with certain products or intense cleaning methods, you want to shift your focus to the areas where your pets sleep or lay. Wash their bedding with hot, soapy water every two, three or several weeks, keeping towels across in the meantime to collect any fleas.
  • If your flea infestation grows more severe, you may want to invest in brand-new, clean and fresh pet bedding material and discard any old blankets, towels and bedding.
  • Suppress adults and eggs with a flea comb; these can successfully help rid fleas, dried blood where the adult fleas feed, dirt and faeces. Ensure you thoroughly comb the tail areas and the neck, as these are the areas many fleas congregate on the pet fur or skin.
  • Try to keep your pets indoors as often as possible, as this will prevent them from being bitten by fleas and ticks. If they are already heavily infested, it will prevent the infestation from spreading to other neighbouring pets and rodents.


Vacuuming is incredibly effective for removing fleas from hard to reach areas and locations, for example, cushioned or soft furnishings, carpets, crevices, floor cracks and pet-play structures.

However, it's best to be aware that vacuuming does not kill fleas but purely collects them, so be sure to place thick tape over the cleaner hose of your vacuum as this will ensure no fleas escape the bag or transfer the vacuum bag outside to a waste bin outdoors.


Hot, soapy water is a traditional and highly effective means to kill off fleas at any life stage of development, and it is a method that provides no health risks to people or pets involved in the process. 

It is crucial to continue washing your pet's bedding weekly or as often as possible when treating flea infestations in the home. Ensure you place towels in pet resting areas, making laundering less of an extreme task and more straightforward. 

Fold up pet beds, towels and blankets when moving them to the washing machine or a basin so that any eggs that have hatched or developed do not fall out, land on your furniture or onto the floor. 

Treatment of Pets

How Are Fleas Controlled - Treatment of Pets

Topical solutions and spot-on are an insecticide treatment form that generally involves applying a few drops of liquid between your pet's shoulder blades or back.

Popular approved products that many professionals recommend for treating cat fleas and dog fleas include:

  • Frontline®/Frontline Plus
  • Advantage® II
  • Revolution®
  • Vectra®

Often these are applied monthly to control flea eggs and adult fleas.

Chewable Tablets

Other more popular or highly effective flea medication gets administered orally, often as chewable tablets, and these tend to work within hours of ingestion, killing ticks and fleas.

Some examples of these include:

Chewable tablet forms are typically labelled for dogs or puppies only. It's best to read the label directions thoroughly for proper trade names and ingredients. You may also purchase these as a solution that you can utilise on cats and dogs alike.

These products are incredibly effective in the industry as they are known to rid and kill adult fleas within 24 hours of existing on your infested animal. Its high potency level can be retained until the next dosage. After using this product, adult fleas cannot reproduce or deposit any more eggs into your household. 

It is known to kill biting fleas quickly; therefore, your pets are less likely to experience significant symptoms like irritation, itching and flea allergy dermatitis. 

Preventing Future Infestations

Pets are always at risk of picking up fleas at the pet groomer, kennels and even on walks as you move through different neighbourhoods and yards. 

Raccoons, possums, and other wildlife forms can also seed fleas in woodland and outdoor environmental conditions. 

The most effective way to assist your household in avoiding future infestations is to ensure your pet's fur and skin are well-maintained with a preventive regimen treatment and a few essential products. Whether the summer, winter or all year round can depend on your local area. 

Grooming with a flea comb

Many companies tend to create flea combs as a means to control and remove adult fleas, dried blood from bites on your pet's fur or dead skin and any flea dirt. 

These combs are highly effective, and because many pets enjoy grooming, they are an easy technique to control the process. 

Try to groom your whole pet if they will let you, but strive to focus on the head and neck as this is where most fleas will flock to. 

You want to pull the fleas out of your comb after each brush, dropping all the fleas into soapy water before they get the chance to jump away or back onto your pet's head. 

If you have an active flea infestation, you'll want to groom twice daily, but if not, strive to do so numerous times a week to check for these harmful pests and internal parasites.


You can help successfully kill off adult fleas and larvae with a thorough bath with standard pet shampoo and hot water. 

Often dips and flea shampoos contain toxic or harmful pesticides, yet these could sometimes be dangerous for you and your pets, so it may be safer to continue with regular shampoos. 

You want to begin pet baths by putting a ring of concentrated soap around your pet's neck so that any fleas cannot escape by crawling onto your pet's scalp.

Short-haired cats often prefer grooming to take baths; however, it is best to deal with fleas on dogs and long-haired cats with bathing. 

Treatment of Premises

Insecticide Application

It's vital to follow the instructions on your container and be sure always to read them carefully. Numerous products are available in the UK for home flea treatment, including the most effective insecticides like dinotefuran, permethrin and imidacloprid. 

These three are known for being lethal to biting adult fleas and are insect growth regulators that prevent the development of larvae and flea eggs, which is helpful for those buildings where fleas are growing at a rapid pace. 

You can often find products like this named Pyriproxyfen and Methoprene.

Household members and those who desire to rid pests from their building must deeply consult the active ingredients of the insecticide products they intend to purchase. 

Popular brands in the UK that include these beneficial ingredients include:

  • Flea Killer
  • Home Defence
  • Flea Insecticide
  • Flea and Tick Premise Spray

Many homeowners tend to find that aerosols are more convenient for regular than liquids; however, it is imperative to be careful when using aerosols openly and ensure you use all the proper protective gear like masks and gloves. It's far better for carpets to treat them with aerosols as they can dry faster.

Any insecticide application must be thorough and careful, ensuring you include all critical areas where your fleas may be developing and nesting. 

Throw rugs, carpets, behind and underneath beds and across all essential furniture must be treated, even the sofa cushions, especially those your pets sleep on. It's paramount to pay close attention to the locations where your pets spend a great deal of their time, as that is usually where most pupae, larvae, and eggs will be.

If the family cat tends to take afternoon naps on chairs or under beds, ensure you treat these well with plenty of product. 

Concrete, tile and hardwood floors often don't need to be treated; however, you should aim to vacuum them as much as possible during times of infestation as vacuuming removes larvae and eggs. 

People and pets must remain treated until your spray has completely dried; this may take hours depending on the application method, carpet type and ventilation.

Flea Traps

One of the best ways to capture adult fleas within the household or establishment property is to utilise a flea trap involving glue boards and a single light. These kinds of traps also allow one to monitor the treatment status. 

They aren't known for eliminating the infestation unless you use them in a skilful combination with various other methods. 

You can utilise an alternating green light that turns on and off as a way to trap the fleas and catch them off guard; this is one of the most common and effective flea trap techniques on the UK market. 

The off and on flickering light imitates the shadows of passing animals that they may attach themselves to. Plenty of research has demonstrated that fleas are more likely to respond to green light than various other colours or wavelengths. You can purchase a wide variety of flea traps of this kind online.

Treatment of Yard

How Are Fleas Controlled - Treatment of Yard

You can successfully eliminate most flea problems presented to you by treating your pets, home, and their beds' interiors. It may be helpful to treat your garden or yard if your pets spend a great deal of time outdoors. 

One of the ways you can assess whether your yards or other outdoor areas are infested with fleas is by walking through grass, or your property with athletic socks pulled up high on your legs. Adult fleas will cling to socks and become visible against the white.

Much like you may for indoor use and effective treatments, you should focus on where your pets most commonly lay their body weight to rest and frequently run and sleep. 

Pay special attention to kennels, doghouses, beside foundations, fences, and underneath decks. It isn't always entirely necessary to treat your whole yard or those that don't receive sun exposure as fleas aren't likely to develop in these areas.

Insecticide comes in several formulations, containing growth-regulating ingredients like Pyriproxyfen. You can find this ingredient in popular products ; these are known for preventing larvae and the hatching or development of flea eggs for numerous months. 

Such treatments are activated when diluted in water; you can apply the insecticides with a pump-up sprayer or a high-quality hose-end.

With these treatments, you or professionals can sufficiently prevent fleas in animal shelters and commercial kennels.

Types of Flea Control Pesticides

Companies create flea control products to kill groups of fleas at several points in the stages of their life cycle; there are many products available, each different to suit a range of outdoor, indoor and on-pet issues. 

Flea products can come in a wide range of formulations, for example, powders, shampoos, dips, flea collars, spot-on flea treatments and soaps. You want to minimise your exposure to numerous pesticides when using any of these products, and ensure you observe the precautions:

  • Powders: Make sure you avoid breathing in the dust; when handling these powders and substances, ensure that you and those around you wear masks and protective gear.
  • Aerosols, including foggers and sprays: We highly recommend avoiding these products collectively due to a high risk of inhalation when the spray is released. Often aerosols should be left to the professionals in protective gear, as the fumes can reach far and wide.
  • Collars: Try to avoid touching the collar itself and the areas by the collar.
  • Soaps, shampoos and dips: Ensure you use these products whilst wearing rubber gloves for extra protection; they aren't suitable for touching with bare hands for prolonged periods.

Are you experiencing a flea pest infestation in the Stevenage or surrounding Hertfordshire areas?

If you are worried that your home or the exterior of your home has a flea pest problem or infestation we can help.